World History Timeline:

TimeEvent
10000 BCEMiddle East people domesticated goats and dogs.
9500 BCE  Settled farming began.
6000 BCECopper was discovered.
5000 BCE  Sumerian civilization evolved between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris.
5000 BCE  First calendar of 365 days, 12 months, and 30 days invented.
3500 BCE  Bronze was discovered in Egypt.
3100 BCE  First dynasty of Egypt.
3000 BCE  Early writing.
2600 BCE  Indus Valley civilization.
2560 BCE  Great Pyramid of Giza
2000 – 1200 BCE Iron Age
1800 BCE  Alphabetic writing appeared
1700 BCE  End of Indus Valley Civilization
1400 BCE  Water clock is invented in Egypt.
1027 BCEIn China, Chou dynasty began.
850 BCEHomer had written the epic “Iliad and Odyssey”
776 BCEOlympic Games first recorded.
753 BCECity of Rome was established by Romulus.
653 BCERise of Persian Empire.
600 BCESixteen Maha Janapadas emerged in India
586 BCEThe First Temple in Jerusalem (Solomon’s Temple) was destroyed by the Babylonians
550 BCEPythagoras (Greek scholar) studied the movements of celestial bodies and mathematics.
509 BCEFounding of Roman Republic after exclusion of the last Roman King.
508 BCEDemocracy introduced at Athens
500 BCEPanini standardized the Sanskrit grammar and its morphology in the text Ashtadhyayi.
500 BCEPingala learned the uses of zero and binary numeral system.
499 BCEGreco-Persian Wars
490 BCEBattle of Marathon
338 BCEIn the Battle of Chaeronea, the king Philip II, defeated the combined forces of the Greek city-states Athens and Thebes.
337 BCEPhilip II had created a strong and unified nation in Macedonia. He hired Aristotle (the Philosopher) to tutor his son, Alexander
336 BCE    Philip II was assassinated and Alexander became king.
331 BCEIn the Battle of Gaugamela, Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia.
326 BCEIn the Battle of the Hydaspes River, Alexander the Great defeated Indian king Porus
323 BCEDeath of Alexander at Babylon
300 BCEThe Great Pyramid of Cholula constructed
221 BCEQin Shi Huang unified China and the beginning of Imperial rule (in China)
221 BCEThe Qin Dynasty began the construction of the Great Wall of China
206 BCEAfter the death of Qin Shi Huang, Han Dynasty established in China
200 BCEPaper was invented in China
124 BCEChina’s Imperial University was established
111 BCEFirst Chinese domination of Việtnam as the Nanyue Kingdom
4 BCEBirth of Jesus Christ (Widely accepted date)

Common Era (CE):

TimeEvent
29 CEJesus Christ crucified
70 CEThe armies of Titus destructed Jerusalem
78 CEOrigin of Saka Era in India
79 CEMount Vesuvius erupted and destructed Pompeii and other towns (in Italy)
220 CEAfter the fall of Han Dynasty, three Kingdoms period begins in China
378 CEThe Germanic tribes defeated Roman army in the battle of Adrianople
570 CEProphet Mohammed (the founder of Muslim religion) born
581 CESui Dynasty came in China
613 CEMuhammad had commenced preaching publicly in his hometown, Mecca
622 CEMuhammad Migrated from Mecca to Medina
623 CEMuhammad abandoned Saturday as the Sabbath and made Friday as special day of the week
632 CEMuhammad died
660 CEThe Quran, the holy book, was published for the first time
793 CEScandinavians approached the island of Lindisfarne, Scotland by boat and they attacked monks and robbed their monastery. It is the first recorded raid by the Vikings
800 CEGunpowder was invented
1050 CEAn ancient tool of navigation namely The astrolabe” was first used in Europe
1077 CEConstruction of the London Tower began
1117 CEThe University of Oxford is established
1150 CEThe University of Paris is established
1199 CEEuropeans first used compasses
1209 CEThe University of Cambridge is established
1215 CEJohn of England sealed the “Magna Carta
1298 CEMarco Polo published his itinerary of China, along with Rustichello da Pisa.
1299 CEOsman I established the Ottoman Empire
1347 CEThe Black Death withered Europe for the first (of many times). In the first year, an estimated 20 to 40% of the population was thought to have perished.
1389 CEBattle of Kosovo (in Serbia)
1397 CEThe Medici bank was established in Florence
1461 CEKing Loius XI of France started postal service
1492 CEChristopher Columbus discovered a route going to the New World (i.e. Caribbean Islands and America)
1498 CEVasco da Gama arrived India
1503 CELeonardo da Vinci started making the painting of Mona Lisa; however, completed after three years
1506 CEChristopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain
1632 CEThe city of Boston is founded
1636 CEHarvard University is established in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
1652 CEDutch East India Company founded the city Cape Town in South Africa
1666 CEThe Great Fire of London
1683 CEChina conquered the Kingdom of Tungning and annexes Taiwan
1687 CEIsaac Newton published “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica”
1694 CEThe Bank of England is established
1697 CEThe earliest known first-class cricket match had taken place in Sussex
1710 CEThe world’s first copyright legislation, Britain’s Statute of Anne (also known as Copyright Act 1709), took effect
1724 CEJapan began successful forest management reform and subsequently timber cutting was reduced
1765 CEIn France, a twenty-eight volume of encyclopedia was completed
1776 CEIn USA, second Continental Congress meeting and declaration of independence July 4)
1781 CEThe Spanish settlers founded the city of Los Angeles
1783 CEIn USA, King George declared the thirteen colonies as “free and independent”
1783 CEIn USA, based on the state’s 1780 constitution, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts ruled slavery illegal
1785 CENapoleon Bonaparte became a lieutenant in the French artillery
1787 CEThe United States Constitution is written in Philadelphia and submitted to the states for ratification
1787 CEThe slaves freed from London established Freetown (West Africa) i.e. present-day Sierra Leone
1795 CEThe first graphite pencils were used
1789–1799 CEFrench Revolution
1797 CENapoleon’s invasion and partition of the Republic of Venice ended over 1,000 years of independence of the Serene Republic
1801 CENapoleon (of France) defeated Austria
1804 CEHaiti attained its independence from France and became the first black republic
1805 CEIn Milan (Italy), Napoleon was crowned as the King of Italy
1805 CEIn the Battle of Austerlitz, Napoleon decisively defeated an Austrian-Russian army
1814 CENapoleon abdicated and was exiled to Elba.
1815 CENapoleon escaped; however, he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo (in June) and exiled to Saint Helena Island
1820 CEDiscovery of Antarctica
1821 CENapoleon Bonaparte died (at Saint Helena Island, where he was exiled)
1823 CEMonroe Doctrine was declared by US President James Monroe
1825 CEThe two railway station at Stockton and Darlington (the first public railway in the world) was opened
1833 CESlavery Abolition Act banned slavery throughout the British Empire
1835 CEVaccination became mandatory in Britain
1838 CECharles Darwin developed the theory of evolutionary selection and specialization
1840 CENew Zealand is established, as the Treaty of Waitangi is signed between the Māori and British
1841 CERichard Owen, first time, used the word “dinosaur”
1842 CEFirst time Anaesthesia was used
1845-49 CEThe Irish Potato Famine that lead to the Irish diaspora
1848-58 CECalifornia Gold Rush
1848 CEKarl Marx wrote Communist Manifesto
1849 CERoman Republic’s constitutional law became the first to abolish capital punishment
1854 CECrimean War (fought between Russia and Turkey)
1856 CEWorld’s first oil refinery founded in Romania
1859-69 CESuez Canal constructed
1859 CEThe first successful oil well was drilled in northern Pennsylvania (USA)
1859 CEJohn Tyndall, the British scientist, described the concept that the carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor trapping heat in the atmosphere.
1861 CERussia abolished serfdom
1861-65 CEAmerican Civil War, took place between the Union and seceding Confederacy
1862 CEThe first paper money was issued in the United States
1865 CEPresident of the United States, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
1868 CEMichael Barrett was the last person to be publicly hanged in England
1869 CEDmitri Mendeleev created Periodic table
1869 CEThe Suez Canal route opened that linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea
1871 CERoyal Albert Hall opened in London
1872 CEThe first National Park i.e. Yellowstone National Park, is established
1886 CEBurma was presented to Queen Victoria as a birthday gift
1886 CEKarl Benz sold the first commercial automobile
1887 CESir Arthur Conan Doyle published his first Sherlock Holmes story, ‘A Study in Scarlet’
1889 CEEiffel Tower is inaugurated in Paris
1891 CEThe German government initiated the first public old-age pension scheme
1892 CEFor the first time, Fingerprinting was officially adopted.
1893 CENew Zealand became the first country to enact women’s suffrage
1894 CEFirst commercial film was released by Jean Aimé Le Roy
1896 CEOlympic Games revived in Athens, Greece
1898 CEBritain obtained a 99-year lease of Hong Kong from China
1900 CEHawaii became an official USA territory
1901 CEIn Stockholm (Sweden), the first Nobel Prize ceremony was held
1901 CETheodore Roosevelt become the youngest President of the United States
1904 CERussian Japanese War
1905 CEAlbert Einstein’s formulation of relativity
1908 CEFirst commercial radio transmissions
1911 CEXinhai Revolution in China overthrows the Qing Dynasty
1912 CEEnd of the Chinese Empire and Republic of China established
1912 CEFirst Balkan War began
1912 CEWoodrow Wilson elected as the 28th President of the United States
1913 CESecond Balkan War and Treaty of Bucharest too place
1914 CEGavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo that triggered the World War I
1914 CEPanama Canal opened
1915 CEFirst use of poison gas at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle and Second Battle of Ypres
1916 CEThe implementation of daylight saving time system
1917 CERussian Revolution ended the Russian Empire
1917 CEThe United States joined the Allies (countries) for the last 17 months of World War I
1918 CEEnd of World War I
1918 CEPoland, Ukraine, and Belarus declared their independence from Russia.
1919 CETreaty of Versailles redrew European borders.
1919 CELeague of Nations founded in Paris.
1920 CEGreece restores its monarchy after a referendum.
1920 CEInternational Court of Justice founded at Hague in the Netherlands.
1921 CEAdolf Hitler became Führer (guide, leader) of the Nazi Party.
1922 CEThe Turkish Grand National Assembly abolished Ottoman Sultanate.
1923 CETime Magazine was published first time
1923 CETurkish War of Independence ended and Kemal Atatürk became the first President of the newly established Republic of Turkey. Capital was moved from Istanbul to Ankara
1924 CEDeath of Vladimir Lenin (of Russia); rise of Stalin.
1924 CEThe Caliphate was abolished by Kemal Atatürk.
1924 CEThe US Federal Bureau of Investigation established under J Edgar Hoover.
1925 CEBenito Mussolini gains dictatorial powers in Italy and adopted the title of ‘Duce’.
1925 CEMein Kampf (an autobiography of the National Socialist leader Adolf Hitler) was published.
1927 CEJoseph Stalin became leader of the Soviet Union.
1927 CEThe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland officially became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
1927 CEThe BBC was granted a Royal Charter in the United Kingdom.
1928 CEMickey Mouse was created at the Walt Disney Studio.
1929 CEWall Street crash of 1929 and the beginning of the Great Depression
1929 CEVatican City has given the status of a sovereign State.
1929 CESaint Valentine’s Day Massacre.
1930 CEFirst FIFA World Cup hosted
1931 CEConstruction of the Empire State Building
1931 CEStatute of Westminster created the British Commonwealth of Nations
1931 CEJapan invaded Manchuria (China) and occupied it until the end of World War II
1932 CEFranklin D Roosevelt is elected President of the United States
1932 CEThe Nazi party became the largest single party in the German parliament
1933 CEAdolf Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany
1935 CEPersia became Iran
1937 CEJapanese invaded China
1937 CEThe Irish Republican Army attempted to assassinate King George VI of the UK
1938 CEMunich agreement that handed over Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany
1939 CENazi invasion of Poland that triggered the beginning of World War II
1940 CENazis invaded France, the Netherlands, Denmark and Norway
1940 CESoviet Union annexes the Baltic states
1940 CEWinston Churchill became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1941 CEAttack on Pearl Harbor that forced the USA to join World War II
1941 CEHitler invaded the Soviet Union
1943 CEBattle of Stalingrad ended with over two million casualties and the retreat of the German Army
1943 CETehran Conference participated by Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin; all agreed to launch Operation Overlord.
1943 CEGreen Revolution began.
1944 CEChechen insurgency ended with deportation of the entire Chechen population.
1944 CEFirst operational electronic computer Colossus was introduced
1944 CED Day (Military terms associated with Invasion of Normandy)
1945 CEBattle of Berlin
1945 CEYalta Conference
1945 CEAtomic bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan)
1945 CEEnd of World War II in Europe. The Holocaust ends after (about) 12 million deaths
1945 CEDeath of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini
1945 CEPotsdam Conference (World War II) divided Europe into Western and Soviet blocs
1945 CEUnited Nations founded
1946 CEFirst images had been taken of the Earth from space
1948 CEBeginning of apartheid in South Africa
1948 CEDivision of North and South Korea
1949 CECreation of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
1949 CEGermany partitioned as the Soviet socialist German Democratic Republic and the NATO-backed Federal Republic of Germany
1949 CEEstablishment of the People’s Republic of China under the leadership of Mao Zedong
1951 CETreaty of San Francisco terminated the Occupation of Japan and formally concluded hostilities between Japan and the US
1952 CEEgyptian Revolution under Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew King Farouk and terminated British occupation
1953 CEStalin died
1954 CEFirst time, the Soviet Union generated the electricity by nuclear power
1955 CEWarsaw Pact signed
1957 CEBeginning of the Space Age with the launch of Sputnik I
1958 CENASA, the US Federal Aviation Authority and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) established
1959 CECuban Revolution
1962 CECuban missile crisis
1962 CESino-Indian War
1963 CEAssassination of John F Kennedy
1965 CEDeaths of Winston Churchill
1968 CEMartin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy assassinated while the Poor People’s Campaign
1969 CEMuammar Gaddafi overthrew King Idris of Libya in a Coup d’état and established the Libyan Arab Republic
1973 CEFirst space station, Skylab, was launched
1975 CEFirst Cricket World Cup hosted
1976 CEFirst outbreak of the Ebola virus
1978 CEBirth of the first test-tube baby
1979 CEMargaret Thatcher became the Prime Minister of the UK
1985 CEMikhail Gorbachev became Premier of the Soviet Union
1985 CEFirst use of DNA fingerprinting
1986 CEChernobyl disasters
1989 CEFall of the Berlin Wall
1990 CESir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web (WWW)
1990 CEGulf War began
1990 CEAfter 27 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela released
1991 CEGulf War ended after US withdrawal and failed uprising
1991 CEDissolution of the Soviet Union and subsequent independence of 15 former Soviet republics
1991 CEBoris Yeltsin became the first President of the Russian Federation
1991 CEThe first Website has been put online and made available to the public
1992 CEMaastricht Treaty created the European Union
1993 CEVelvet divorce between Czech Republic and Slovakia
1994 CEEnd of apartheid in South Africa and subsequent election of Nelson Mandela the great leader
1994 CEOpening of the Channel Tunnel
1995 CEEstablishment of the World Trade Organization
1997 CETransfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from UK to China
1997 CEDiana, Princess of Wales, was killed in a car accident in Paris, France
1998 CEGoogle is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin
1999 CEEuro is introduced
2001 CETerrorists destroyed the World Trade Center in New York City and damaged the Pentagon in Washington, DC
2001 CEWikipedia founded.
2003 CEIraq War began that triggered worldwide protests.
2003 CEThe space shuttle, Columbia, collapsed (while landing) nearby Texas (USA).
2005 CEAngela Merkel became Germany’s first woman Chancellor.
2006 CEEllen Johnson Sirleaf became the President of Liberia. She was the first elected female head of state in Africa.
2006 CEExecution of Saddam Hussein.
2008 CEStock market’s plunge across the world.
2008 CEMonarchy system terminated in Nepal.
2009 CEThe world’s tallest skyscraper, Burj Khalifa (in Dubai), has been built.
2010The largest oil spill in US history occurred in the Gulf of Mexico.
2011 CEOsama bin Laden, Muammar Gaddafi, and Kim Jong-Il were killed.
2011 CEIraq War ended.
2013 CEDeaths of Hugo Chavez, Nelson Mandela, and Margaret Thatcher.
2015 CEUnited States and Cuba resumed diplomatic relations.

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