Tamilnadu General Knowledge Questions and Answers – Set 1

1. What is the capital of Tamilnadu?

Answer: Chennai

Solution: Tamil Nadu’s capital Chennai, formerly known as Madras, turned 375 today. From a stretch of no man’s land in 1639, it has grown to become a major industrial, business, and cultural center.

2. What is the official language of Tamilnadu?

Answer: Tamil

Solution: English to be continued to be used for official purposes until the Government otherwise direct. Government’s power to notify the official purposes for which Tamil to be used. Declaration of Tamil as the language of courts for recording evidence in all proceedings.

3. How many districts in Tamilnadu?


Solution: It’s the most populous state in Southern India. As of 2021, the list of districts in Tamil Nadu is a total of 38 districts in Tamil Nadu.

4. Who is the first state chief minister of Tamilnadu?

Answer: S. Kumaraswamy Raja

Solution: Poosapati Sanjeevi Kumarswamy Raja was an Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of the Madras Presidency from 6 April 1949 to 10 April 1952 and Governor of Orissa between 1954 till 1956.

5. How many number of assembly constituency of Tamilnadu?


Solution: The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has a strength of 234 members of whom are democratically elected using the First-past-the-post system.

6. Which city of called as Healthcare Capital of India?

Answer: Chennai

Solution: Healthcare in Chennai is provided by both government-run and private hospitals. Chennai attracts about 45 percent of health tourists from abroad arriving in the country and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. The city has been termed India’s health capital.

7. Where is Indira Gandhi National Park is situated?

Answer: Pollachi

Solution: Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and as Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi and Valparai taluks of Coimbatore District

8. Where is Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary is situated?

Answer: Coimbatore

Solution: Anamalai wildlife sanctuary is located about 90 km from Coimbatore at an altitude of 1,400 m in the Western Ghats near Pollachi.

9. Gingee Fort was controlled by?

Answer: Ananda Kone Dynasty

Solution: Gingee Fort or Senji Fort) in Tamil Nadu, India is one of the surviving forts in Tamil Nadu, India. It lies in Villupuram District, Controlled by Ananda Kone Dynasty.

10. Who captured Gingee Fort?

Answer: Mughal general Zulfiqar Khan

Solution: Gingee was finally captured in 1698 CE by Mughal general Zulfiqar Khan after a siege that lasted for nearly 8 years.

11. Which is the biggest fort in Tamil Nadu?

Answer : Vellore Fort

Solution: Vellore Fort is a large 16th-century fort situated in heart of the Vellore city, in the state of Tamil Nadu, India built by Vijayanagara kings.

12. What is the state flower of Tamilnadu?

Answer: Gloriosa lily

Solution: The State government is going all out to promote the cultivation of Gloriosa superba, commonly known as flame or glory lily, the State flower of Tamil Nadu, through several subsidy schemes.

13. Who is the first state governor of Tamilnadu?

Answer : Sardar Ujjal Singh

Solution: Sardar Ujjal Singh is the first governor of Tamilnadu from 14 January 1969, to 27 May 1971, 1st. He was appointed by Zakir Hussain.

14. How many number of Parliamentary constituency of Tamilnadu?

Answer : 39

Solution: A constituency is all of the constituents of a representative.Present and Past Members of Parliament of India from Tamilnadu state. 18 Rajya Sabha members and 39 Lok Sabha members are elected.

15. Which city of called as Manchester in South India?

Answer: Coimbatore

Solution: Due to its comprehensive textile industry, Coimbatore is called the “Manchester” of South India, which is fed by the surrounding cotton areas.

16. In which district Madras Atomic Power Station is situated?

Answer (Kancheepuram)

Solution: Kalpakkam ( Kancheepuram )is located on the east coast about 70 km south of Chennai in Tamil Nadu State. The Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) having two units of 220 MW was established in 1983-85 by Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL).

17. Where is  Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is situated ?

Answer: Tirunelveli

Solution: The Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR) in Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu is one of the protected areas having diverse flora and fauna.

18. What is the state fruit of  Tamilnadu?

Answer : Jackfruit

Solution: Jackfruit is the stste fruit of tamilnadu. The jackfruit, also known as the jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family. Its origin is in the region between the Western Ghats of southern India,

19. In which district  Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is situated?

Answer : Tirunelveli

Solution: The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) is located 650km south of Chennai, in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is being developed by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL).

20. What is the state tree of Tamilnadu?

Answer: Palm tree      

Solution: When Cyclone Gaja hit Tamil Nadu, this cyclone caused widespread destruction, but the palm trees were unaffected and stood firm.

The palm trees are planted around the water bodies as they believe in recharging water. The trees play an important role in the circulation of water in aquifers.

21. Where is Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park  is situated ?

Answer :Thoothukudi

Solution: The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is a protected area of India consisting of 21 small islands (islets) and adjacent coral reefs in the Gulf of Mannar in the Indian Ocean. It lies 1 to 10 km away from the east coast of Tamil Nadu, India for 160 km between Thoothukudi (Tuticorin) and Dhanushkodi.

22. Which one is the largest district by area wise in Tamilnadu? 

Answer : Coimbatore  

Solution: The largest district by area wise in Tamilnadu is Coimbatore.

23. Meenakshi Amman Temple is located in the bank of the river?       

Answer : Vaigai River

Solution: Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, and India.

24. On which day of the Pongal, the Jallikattu bull fight was played?   

Answer : Maatu Pongal        

Solution: Jallikattu is typically practised in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day, which occurs annually in January.

25. Which temple has the longest corridor in India? 

Answer : Ramanathaswamy Temple

Solution: The temple has the longest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. The temple is located in Rameswaram considered a holy pilgrimage site for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and Smarthas.

26. Tamil Nadu is a major producer of?

Answer : Sugarcane             

Solution: Tamil Nadu is the highest producer of sugarcane in the whole country. It is also a leading state in production of other crops such as sugarcane, cotton, kambu, corn, rye, groundnut and oil seeds.

27. On which hill is the Killyur waterfall located?

Answer (Shervaroy)

Solution: Just 3 kilometres from Yercaud Lake, the striking Kiliyur Falls in the Servaroyan hill range of Eastern Ghats in Tamil Nadu state.

28. Tirupur Kumaran died in the year? 

Answer : 1932

Solution: Kodi Kaatha Kumaran died from injuries sustained from a police assault on the banks of Noyyal River in Tiruppur during a protest march against the British government on 11 January 1932.

29. Udayagiri Fort is located in?  

Answer : Kanniyakumari     

Solution: Udayagiri Fort in Tamil Nadu is located 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Nagercoil in Thuckalay Town, Kanyakumari District.

30. Who was first translated Mahabharata into Tamil?     

Answer : Perundevanar        

Solution: Perundevanar was the Medieval Tamil poet who first translated Mahabharata into Tamil.He was otherwise called Baratham Paadiya Perundevanar.Bharatha Venda was offered by this Tamil poet. It is a 12,000-verse Tamil work over the epic of great Mahabharata.

31. Which British commander captured the Poligar of Panchalankurichi, Virapandya Kattabomman and hanged him?      

Answer : Major Banermann         

Solution: He was captured by the British with the help of the ruler of the kingdom of Pudukottai, Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman, and at the age of 39 he was hanged at Kayathar on 16 October 1799.

32. K. Kamaraj participated in Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha, he was imprisoned and sent to the prison at ?      

Answer : Alipur 

Solution: At first, he was sent to the Trichinopoly before being transferred to the Bellary Central Jail Alipur. As a result of the Gandhi Irwin Pact—signed on 5 March 1931—the Congress suspended the Civil Disobedience Movement and the British, in turn, released all the prisoners. Kamaraj was released on eight days later.

33. The Rapid Transit System in Tamil Nadu is located in ?       

Answer : Chennai        

Solution: The Chennai Metro is a rapid transit rail system in the Tamil Nadu capital city of Chennai.

34. Which one is the longest river in Tamil Nadu?   

Answer : Cauvery      

Solution: Cauvery is longest river in Tamil Nadu from adjoining Karnataka where it flows for about one-third of the total length. The other rivers are Adyar, Courtaliar, South Pennar, Periyar, Vaigai and Tampreparni.

35. The first ruler of the Chola dynasty who kept strong navy was?    

Answer : Rajendra I   

Solution: Rajendra I was the successor of Rajaraja I. He made his naval bigger and stronger. His naval expeditions to South-East -Asia was the first to be undertaken by an Indian king.

36. The first verse drama (opera) in Tamil is?          

Answer : Harichandra Natakam   

Solution: The first verse drama (opera) in Tamil is Harichandra Natakam .

37. The Kailasanath temple at Kanchipuram was built by?

Answer : Narasimhavarman II      

Solution: The holy Hindu town of Kanchipuram was the Pallava capital in the 7th and 8th centuries. The great Kailasanatha Temple was built by the ruler (Narasimhavarman II) Rajasimha (A.D.700-728) at the beginning of the 8th century.

38. Who was introduced the Kulakallavi Scheme in Tamil Nadu ?

Answer : Rajaji  

Solution: Rajaji’s idea of the Madras Scheme of Elementary Education in 1953 was dubbed by its critics as Kula Kalvi Thittam (Hereditary Education Policy) and was a controversial education reform which was aborted.

39. Kulothunga II was also called?        

Answer : Krimikanta Chola 

Solution: It is found in his inscriptions as well in the poetic tribute Kulothunga Cholan Ula. He was also called Krimikanta Chola. Kulothunga II was succeeded by Rajaraja Chola II in 1150 CE.

40. Manimekalai was written by?

Answer : Seethalai Saathanar

Solution: Seethalai Saathanaar was the author of the ‘Manimekalai’.  Its story is a sequel of an epic ‘Silappatikaram’ that tells the story of the conversion to Buddhism of the daughter of Kovalan and Madhavi.

41. Which city of Tamil Nadu is also known as Oxford of South India ?       

Answer : Palayamkottai

Solution: Palayamkottai is called the Oxford of South India as it is a hub of many schools and colleges. It has many important government offices. Tirunelveli is an ancient city, more than 2,000 years old.

42. The first Tamil Nadu Chief Minister to be awarded Bharat Ratna is?       

Answer : C. Rajagopalachari                  

Solution: Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari popularly known as Rajaji. Rajagopalachari founded the Swatantra Party and was one of the first recipients of India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.

43. Which city is also known as temple city of Tamil Nadu?       

Answer : Madurai

Solution: Madurai is temple city of India, also known as the city that never sleeps, technically because of its nightlife, is supposedly said to be the second capital of Tamil Nadu. Getting its name as the temple city, it was built around the Meenakshi Amman temple.

44. The Madras High Court was established in the year?   

Answer : 1862

Solution: The Tamil Nadu Mediation and Conciliation Centre, India’s first Court-Annexed Mediation Centre, was inaugurated on 9th April 2005, thus marking another significant milestone in the hoary history of the Madras High Court established on 15th August 1862.

45. Who was the first Indian to become Chief Justice of the Madras High Court after independence?     

Answer: P. V. Rajamannar

Solution: Pakala Venkataramana Rao Rajamannar (1901–1979) was an Indian judge and politician who served as the acting Governor of Madras State from 1957 to 1958. P.V. Rajamannar was the first Indian to become Chief Justice of the Madras High Court after independence from 1948 to 1961.

46. Which one was the capital of the Pallava dynasty?  

Answer: Kanchipuram

Solution: The Pallavas had their capital at Kanchipuram, in the Kaveri delta, and the Chalukyas were centred on the Raichur Doab between the Krishna and the Tungabhadra rivers.

47. Jayamkondam in Tamil Nadu is famous for which among the following minerals?   

Answer: Lignite

Solution: Jayamkondam is known for good quality lignite. Lignite is mined all around the world and is used almost exclusively as a fuel for steam-electric power generation.

48. Which City is known as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu?        

Answer: Thanjavur    

Solution: Thanjavur district is called ‘The Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu’ because of its agricultural activities in the delta region of river Cauvery. The temple, culture and architecture of Thanjavur are famous throughout world

49. In which year, the publication of “The Madras Mail”, India’s first evening newspaper started?       

Answer: 1868   

Solution: The Mail, known as The Madras Mail till 1928, was an English-language daily evening newspaper published in the Madras Presidency (later Madras State, and then, Tamil Nadu) from 1868 to 1981. It was the first evening newspaper in India.

50. The “oor panchayats” of Tamil Nadu can be placed in which among the following categories?    

Answer: Alternate Dispute Settlement Centres

Solution: The “oor panchayats” of Tamil Nadu can be placed in which among the following categories are Alternate Dispute Settlement Centres.

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