1.Who was the first Nayak ruler of Madurai?
Answer : Viswanatha Nayaka
Solution: The first Nayak ruler of Madurai Viswanatha Nayak was the Vijayanagara viceroy to Madurai in south India during the 16th century. He later became the ruler of Madurai after the fall of the Vijayanagara empire. He is the founder of the Nayak dynasty of Madurai.
2. Who was the last sultan of Madurai?
Answer : Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah
Solution: Ahsan Khan and his descendants ruled Madurai and surrounding territories until 1378 when the last sultan, Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah fell in battle against the forces of the Vijayanagara Empire led by Kumara Kampana.
3. Who ruled Madurai before the British?
Solution: The Cholas ruled Madurai from 920 AD till the beginning of the 13th century. In 1223 AD Pandyas regained their kingdom and once again become prosperous. Pandian Kings patronized the Tamil language in a great way. During their period, many masterpieces were created.
4. Who was the famous queen of the Nayak dynasty in Madurai?
Solution: Meenakshi (1700-1736) was a queen regnant of the Madurai Nayak Kingdom between 1731 and 1736. She was the granddaughter-in-law of Rani Mangammal. She was the last ruler in the Madurai Nayaks line.
5. Who built Meenakshi Temple?
Answer: Kulasekara Pandya
Solution: Madurai Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple was built by King Kulasekara Pandya (1190–1216 CE). He built the main Portions of the three-storeyed gopura at the entrance of Sundareswarar Shrine and the central portion of the Goddess Meenakshi Shrine are some of the earliest surviving parts of the temple.
6. Who was the first king of Pandya?
Answer: Nedunjeliyan I
Solution: The first Pandyan king who has been mentioned in the Sangam works recovered so far is Nedunjeliyan I, who ruled from the coastal town of Korkai, at the mouth of river Tamraparni.
7. Which is the capital of the Chola Dynasty?
Answer: Nedunjeliyan I
Solution: The Chola Empire was founded by Vijayalaya. He took over the Tanjore kingdom in the 8th century and led to the rise of the mighty Cholas by defeating the Pallavas. Tanjore was hence made the first capital of the eminent Chola Empire. Aditya I succeeded Vijayalaya to become the ruler of the empire.
8. Who is the Tamil king?
Solution: The Three Crowned rulers, or the Three Glorified by Heaven, or World of the Three, or The Tamil Kings, primarily known as Moovendhar, refers to the triumvirate of Chera, Chola, and Pandya.
9. Who Founded Tamil Sangam?
Solution: The first Tamil Sangam was held to the south of Madurai under the patronage of Makeerthy, the Pandyan king. Agastya was Founded the of first sangam Tamil Sangam.
Who is the father of the Tamil language? Periyar Tholkappiyar Agastaya Nayanar 3 As per Tamil sources, the father of Tamil literature is ‘Agastya’.
10. Who is the father of the Tamil language?
Solution: As per Tamil sources, the father of Tamil literature is ‘Agastya’.
11. Who was the last Nayak ruler of Madurai?
Answer: Chokkanatha Nayak
Solution: Chokkanatha Nayak (1662—1682) succeeded his father Muttu Alkadri Nayak, as the ruler of the Madurai Nayak dynasty when he was sixteen years old.
12. Which is the biggest airport in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Chennai International Airport
Solution: Chennai airport is the headquarters for the Airports Authority of South India, which comprises Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala along with the two union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry. Chennai International Airport is also the biggest airport in Tamil Nadu.
13. How many international airports are in Tamilnadu?
Solution: There are four international airports in Tamilnadu. These are as follows: Chennai International Airport. Coimbatore International Airport.
14. When was the Tamilnadu train started?
Solution: Tamil Nadu Express is a superfast train operated by Indian Railways running between Chennai Central and New Delhi. Inaugurated by the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, this train first started in 1976 and was the only train that was a non-Rajdhani but still considered to be the fastest, back in the day.
15. On which date was Kattbomman hanged?
Solution: After the Panchalangurichi fort was captured by the British On 9th September 1799, Pudukkottai king Vijayaragunatha Thondaman helped the East Indian Company capture Veerapandiya Kattabomman. On October 16, 1799, the English commander Bannerman, executed the hanging of Kattabomman.
16. How many stations are there in Tamilnadu?
Solution: There are 504 railway stations in Tamil Nadu. The 5 main Tamil Nadu railway stations are Chennai Central, Tambaram, Chennai Egmore, Chengalpattu, and Coimbatore Junction.
17. Which district has no railway station in Tamil Nadu?
Answer: None of these
Solution: Theni district doesn’t have a railway station of its own, however, the nearest station to Theni district is the – station with station code.
18. Which city is famous for the cotton industry in Tamilnadu?
Solution: The largest number of cotton mills in Tamil Nadu are found in Coimbatore. Coimbatore is often referred to as the Manchester of South India due to its cotton production and textile industries. “Kovai Cora Cotton” is recognized as a geographical indication by the Government of India. Coimbatore is the famous for Cotton Industry in Tamil Nadu.
19. Who built Airavateshwara Temple?
Answer: Rajaraja II
Solution: The Airavatesvara temple complex, built by Rajaraja II, at Darasuram features a 24-m vimana and a stone image of Shiva. The temples testify to the brilliant achievements of the Chola in architecture, sculpture, painting, and bronze casting.
20. Who built Darasuram Temple?
Answer: Raja Raja Chola
Solution: Darasuram is 4 Kms from Kumbakonam. This temple built by Raja Raja Chola dedicated to Lord Siva is either called Drasuram temple or Airavateswara Temple. This is the well-preserved temple of the 12th-century Chola Kingdom. The columns of the temple have unique and excellent miniature sculptures.
21. Where is veeranam lake in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: Veeranam Lake (Veeranarayanapuram Lake) is located 14 km (8.7 mi) SSW of Nattarmangalam in the Cuddalore district in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. 1 km (0.62 mi) from kattumannarkoil.
22. Which is the smallest wildlife sanctuary in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Guindy National Park
Solution: Guindy National Park of Chennai with an area of 2.7 Sq.Km. is the smallest National park in Tamil Nadu.
23. Which is the second largest beach in the world?
Answer: Marina beach
Solution: Marina beach in Chennai along the Bay of Bengal is India’s longest and the world’s second-longest beach.
24. What is the old name of Kanchipuram?
Solution: Jaina Kanchi refers to the area around Tiruparutti Kundram. During British rule, the city was known as Conjeevaram and later as Kanchipuram. The municipal administration was renamed Kancheepuram, while the district and city retain the name Kanchipuram.
25. Where is the world’s first granite temple Brihadeswara temple located in India?
Solution: India is a land of rich heritage and culture, and temples form a huge part of that recognition. The Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu is the world’s first-ever all-granite temple and it is 1,000 years old.
26. Which is the world’s first granite temple in India?
Answer: Brihadeeshwara temple
Solution: Brihadeeshwara temple is the first granite temple in India and the temple architecture resembles Chola king taste.
27. How many languages can be translated?
Answer: More than 7,000
Solution: There are more than 7,000 languages in the world, 4,000 of which are written. Yet only 100 or so can be translated by automated tools such as Google Translate. New research promises to let us communicate with others too.
28. How tall is the Thiruvalluvar statue?
Answer: 133 feet
Solution: The overall height of this structure is 133 feet, including 38 feet high pedestal and 95 feet tall sculpture. Interestingly, the statue of Thiruvalluvar represents wealth and pleasure while the pedestal on which it stands depicts 38 chapters from the Thirukkural based on ‘Virtue’.
29. Who built the Kanyakumari Thiruvalluvar statue?
Answer: V. Ganapati Sthapati
Solution: The statue was sculpted by the Indian sculptor V. Ganapati Sthapati, who also created the Iraivan Temple, and was unveiled on the millennium day of 1 January 2000 by the then Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi. It is currently the 25th tallest statue in India.
30. How many Thirukkurals are there?
Solution: The book is considered to precede Manimekalai and Silapathikaram since they both acknowledge the Kural text. Thirukkural (or the Kural) is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organized into 133 chapters.
31. How many days Swami Vivekananda meditated on the rock of Kanyakumari?
Answer: Three days
Solution: On 24 December 1892, Vivekananda reached Kanyakumari and meditated for three days on a large rock and took the resolution to dedicate his life to serving humanity. The event is known as the Kanyakumari Resolution of 1892. He reportedly also meditated for a long time on the day of his death (4 July 1902).
32. Where the Vivekananda Rock Memorial is situated?
Solution: Situated on a rock island, Vivekananda Rock Memorial is a major tourist attraction in Kanyakumari and houses the statue of the great preacher Swami Vivekananda.
33. Which is Temple city in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: Kanchipuram – the temple city, offers an excellent opportunity for visitors to Chennai who do not have too much time at hand but still want to experience Tamil Nadu’s ancient Dravidian heritage.
34. Which is the largest temple in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: Srirangam Temple
The Srirangam Temple is often listed as the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world. The temple, located in Tamil Nadu, occupies an area of 156 acres (631,000 m²) with a perimeter of 4,116m (10,710 feet), making it the largest temple in India and one of the largest religious complexes in the world.
35. Which is the largest port in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Chennai Port
Solution: Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second largest container port of India, behind Mumbai’s Nhava Sheva. The port is the largest one in the Bay of Bengal.
36. Who first started Green Revolution?
Answer: Norman Borlaug
Solution: The Green Revolution was an endeavor initiated by Norman Borlaug in the 1960s. He is known as the ‘Father of Green Revolution in the world. It led to him winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for his work in developing High Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of wheat.
37. Where is Mutiara thermal power station is situated?
Solution: Mutiara Thermal Power Plant is a 1200 MW coal-based thermal plant located in the Tuticorin District of Tamil Nadu.
38. Which city is known as the energy equipment and fabrication capital of India?
Solution: Tiruchirappalli is a major industrial center, dubbed the “Energy Equipment and Fabrication Capital of India”, and the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri and is home to a fine blend of temples and monuments.
39. On which river is Madurai situated?
Answer: Vaigai River
Solution: Madurai, formerly Madura, city, south-central Tamil Nadu state, southern India. It is located on the Vaigai River, about 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Dindigul. Madurai is the third most populous, and probably the oldest, city in the state.
40. Mahamagam Festival is a holy festival that brings pilgrims to Kumbakonam once in how many years?
Solution: Mahamagam Festival is a holy festival that brings pilgrims to Kumbakonam once in 12 years – the temple city that gets its name from Kumbha – the divine pot.
41. Which district is most educated in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: The average literacy rate in Kanyakumari district as per the census 2011 is 91.96% of which males and females are 93.92% and 90.06% literates, respectively.
42. What is the real name of Ooty?
Solution: The name Ootacamund had been in use since 1821. Over time, it got shortened to Ooty, by which it is known the world over. In 1972, the name was abruptly changed to ‘Udhagamandalam’.
43. How many divisions are there in Tamilnadu?
Solution: Tamil Nadu is divided into four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts, which are listed below.
44. What is the nickname of Salem?
Solution: Mangoes cultivated in North and East India are late bearers as compared to those cultivated in the Southern and Western parts of India. There are many mango suppliers and exporters in Salem who have done good work and contributed to the good name that Salem has earned as the hub of Mangoes.
45. Where is the Neyveli power station is situated?
Solution: Neyveli is a township in the Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 62 kilometers (39 mi) inland from the Bay of Bengal, west of Pondicherry, and 197 kilometers (122 mi) south of Chennai.
46. Who won the first Nobel prize in chemistry in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Venki Ramakrishnan
Solution: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is an Indian structural biologist, who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009. Ramakrishnan was born in Chidambaram in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India.
47. Who is the father of the Blue Revolution?
Answer: Hiralal Chaudhuri
Solution: It was launched in India during the seventh Five-year plan (1985-1990) when the Central Government sponsored the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA). Dr. Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. Arun Krishnsnan are known as the Father of the Blue revolution.
48. Who is the father of the Red revolution?
Answer: Vishal Tewari
Solution: The Red Revolution was related to the production of Meat and tomato. Complete answer: Vishal Tewari is considered the father of the red revolution because he was the person who started the revolution.
49. Which beach in Tamil Nadu is the second largest beach in the world?
Answer: Marina beach
Solution: A beautiful and mesmerizing 13 km stretch of beach from Fort St. George to the north of Besant Nagar. This is the second-longest of beach in the world.
50. What is the oldest name of Madurai?
Solution: It is narrated in the legend that Madurai was originally a forest known as Kadambavanam. One day, a farmer named Dhananjaya who was passing through the forest, saw Indra (The king of the gods), worshipping a swayambhu (self-created Lingam ) under kadamba tree.