1.Who were the patrons of Sangama Literature?
Solution: Pandyas were the patrons of Sangam, an assembly of Tamil poets. Pandya kings find mentioned in a number of poems in the Sangam literature.
2. Tamil Nadu is also known as the _ hub of India.
Solution: Due to its achievements as an auto production hub, Chennai has been dubbed as the “Detroit of India”, referencing Detroit in Michigan, the U.S., known as the center of the U.S. automobile industry. Tamil Nadu has a 21.2 percent share in overall automobile exports from India.
3. The operation of Chennai Port was first started in the year.
Solution: Maritime trade started way back in 1639 on the seashore Chennai. It was an open roadstead and exposed sandy coast till 1815. The initial piers were built in 1861, but the storms of 1868 and 1872 made them inoperative. So an artificial harbor was built and the operations were started in 1881.
4. In which Grand Slam event, Nirupama Sanjeev became the first Indian woman to feature and win a round at the main draw in the year 1998?
Answer: Australian Open
Solution: At the 1998 Australian Open, Sanjeev was awarded a wildcard into the main draw (her first and ultimately the only appearance in a singles Grand Slam main draw). She became the first Indian female in the modern era to feature and win a round at a main draw Grand Slam, beating Italy’s Gloria Pizzichini.
5. The Nayanars are known as a group of how many saints?
Solution: The Nayanars were a group of 63 poet-saints living in Tamil Nadu during the 3rd to 8th centuries CE who were devoted to the Hindu god Shiva.
6. Which city is called Athens of the east in Tamilnadu?
Solution: Madurai as the Athens of the East without understanding its significance,” says Mr. Ramalingam. Athens had the Greek pantheon located at an elevated plane which could be seen from anywhere in the city.
7. Chola kingdom in the 11th century was divided into provinces known as _
Solution: The Chola Dynasty was divided into several provinces called mandalams which were further divided into valanadus, which were subdivided into units called kottams or kutrams.
8. The general assembly consisting of the tax-paying residents of an ordinary village under the Chola Empire was known as __
Solution: There were three types of village assemblies in the Chola scheme of administration – the ur, the sabha, and the anagram. Among these, the common type of assembly was the ur. It existed in villages where the land was owned by all classes of people. The sabha was a village assembly exclusively of brahmins.
9. The Sanskrit word Kumara Kamparaya Charitam was written by_____
Answer: Ganga Devi
Solution: Madhura Vijayam’s “The Victory of Madurai”, is a 14th-century C.E Sanskrit poem written by the poet Gangadevi. It is also named Vira Kamparaya Charitham by the poet. It chronicles the life of Kumara Kampana, a prince of the Vijayanagara Empire and the second son of Bukka Raya I.
10. The title of Gangai Kondan was adopted by the following Chola King____
Answer: Rajendra I
Solution: Rajendra I adopted the title of ‘Gangaikonda’. Gangakundrapuram or Gangaikonda-Cholapuram.Rajendra I was a Tamil Chola emperor of South India who succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I to the throne in 1014 CE. The Chola ruler Rajendra assumed the title of Gangaikondachola.
11. Who holds the record of swooning as Chief Minister six times_____
Answer: J. Jayalalithaa
Solution: Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) was an Indian politician and actress who served as the Six-time Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for more than fourteen years between 1991 and 2016.
12. Which one was the capital of the Pallava dynasty
Solution: The Pallavas had their capital at Kanchipuram, in the Kaveri delta, and the Chalukyas were centered around the Raichur Doab between the Krishna and the Tungabhadra rivers.
13. Who is the founder of the Chola Empire __
Answer: Vijayalaya Chola
Solution: The founder of the Chola Empire was Vijayalaya, who was the first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi. He captured Tanjore in 850 A.D. He established a temple of the goddess Nishumbhasudini (Durga) there. Aditya, I succeeded Vijayalaya.
14. Srivilliputhur Andal Temple is located in which district_________
Solution: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple in Srivilliputhur, a town in Virudhunagar district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. It is located 80 km from Madurai.
15. Who was the Chief Minister with the longest tenure without intervening President’s rules in Tamil Nadu?
Answer: K. Kamaraj
Solution: K. Kamaraj was the Chief Minister with the longest tenure without intervening President’s rules. His terms lasted from 13 April 1954 to 2 October 1963, i.e. 9 years, 5 months, and 19 days.
16. Who was the first Vice Chancellor of Madras University?
Answer: S. Gowri
Solution: Established in 1857, it is one of the oldest universities in India, incorporated by an Act of the Legislative Council of India under the British government.
17. The first railway station was built in Tamil Nadu at______
Solution: The first train of South India started operating in June 1856 from Royapuram railway station. The station also remained the headquarters of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway till 1922, when the headquarters was shifted to Egmore.
18. The Pallava rulers believed in __
Solution: Pallavas were originally feudatories of the Satavahanas in the southeastern part of their empire who became independent when the Satavahana power declined. They are seen to be “strangers to the Tamil country”, unrelated to the ancient lines of Cheras, Pandyas, and Cholas.
19. The Pandyan king who consolidated and expanded the Pandya kingdom up to Kaveri was____
Answer: Sundara Pandyan
Solution: The Chola Dynasty was revived by Vijayalaya in the 9th century, who hailed from a small region north of the Kaveri. He captured Thanjavur and made it his capital. Later, the empire was ruled by Rajendra-I and his successors from the newly constructed capital Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
20. The word Valanchiyam in the Chola period means_____
Answer: Merchant Group
Solution: The word Valanchiyam in the Chola period means Merchant Group.
21. Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang visited Kanchi in____
Answer: A.D. 640
Solution: His prime objective to visit India was to secure genuine Buddhist scriptures and visit places of Buddhist interest as he was interested in Mahayana Buddhism. Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang visited Kanchi in A.D. 640.
22. Which British commander captured the Poligar of Panchalankurichi, Virapandya Kattabomman, and hanged him _
Answer: Major Banermann
Solution: He was captured by the British with the help of the ruler of the kingdom of Pudukottai, Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman, and at the age of 39, he was hanged at Kayathar on 16 October 1799.
23. Tamil Isai Sangam was established at Madras by _
Answer: Sir Annamalai Chettiar
Solution: Tamil Isai Sangam was established at Madras by Annamalai Chettiar. It was founded in 1943 by Raja Sir Annamalai Chettiar, and designed to promote Tamil music.
24. Who was called the lion of Siva Ganga?
Answer: Chinna Marudu
Solution: Chinna Marudu was called as ‘lion’ of Siva Ganga. The Marudhu Pandiyars were Diarchal Kings of Sivagangai, Tamil Nadu, India, towards the end of the 18th century.
25. Kanchipuram Kailasanatha temple was built during the reign of____
Solution: The great Kailasanatha Temple was built by the ruler Rajasimha (A.D.700-728) at the beginning of the 8th century. The plan of the temple shows the layout of a typical Pallava sanctuary.
26. What is the real name of Bharathiar?
Answer: Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi
Solution: Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar was born to Chinnasami Subramanya Iyer and Lakhsmiammaal as “Subbayya” on December 11, 1882, in the Tamil village of Ettayapuram. He was educated at a local high school called “The M.D.T. Hindu College” in Tirunelveli.
27. Who built veeranam Lake?
Answer: Rajaditya Chola
Solution: Veeranam Lake was built in the Tenth Century during the time of Greater Cholas, from 907–955 AD, and is a 16-kilometer (9.9 mi) long dam in northern Tamil Nadu. It was created by Rajaditya Chola. he named it after the title of his father Parantaka I Chola.
28. Which is the longest river in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Cauvery River
Solution: Built around 2,000 years ago across the Cauvery River in Tiruchirapalli District, Tamil Nadu, by Karikala Chola, the dam was constructed to divert the river to the delta districts thereby boosting irrigation and avoiding loss of crops due to floods.
29. Which is the smallest river in Tamil Nadu?
Answer: Ponnaiyar River
Solution: The river originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka and flows through Tamil Nadu before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
30. How many main rivers are in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: There are 17 major river basins found in Tamil Nadu. These are: Palar, Varaha Nadhi, Ponnaiyar, Vellar, Paravanar, Cauvery, Agniyar, Pambar, Kottakaraiyar, Vaigai, Gundar, Vaippar, Kallar, Thamiraparani, Nambiar, Kodayar, PAP. Most of the rivers which drain Tamil Nadu originate from the uplands Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. Among the 17 basins, the Cauvery river basin is the wider one.
31. How many mountains are there in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: The state is also home to over 1,380 named mountains, primarily of the Western and Eastern Ghats that make up its borders.
32. What is the main river of Tamil Nadu?
Solution: The main river of the state is Cauvery, which flows into Tamil Nadu from adjoining Karnataka where it flows for about one-third of the total length. The other rivers are Adyar, Courtaliar, South Pennar, Periyar, Vaigai, and Tampreparni.
33. How many beaches are there in Tamilnadu?
Solution: Here is the list of 16 Beaches in Tamil Nadu For A Perfect Beachside Vacation.
34. Who is the first Tamil king?
Answer: Adithya Karikalan
Solution: During the 1st to the 4th century, the early Cholas ruled the lands of Tamil Nadu. The first and most important king of this dynasty was Karikalan.
35. Who built parambikulam dam?
Solution: Parambikulam Dam is an embankment dam on the Parambikulam River, Parambikulam located in the Palakkad district in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, ranks number one in India as well as in the top ten embankment dams in the world in volume in the year 2000. This Dam was built at the time of Kamarajar.
36. Where is Berijam lake situated?
Solution: Berijam Lake is a reservoir near Kodaikanal town in the Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is at the old site of “Fort Hamilton”, in the upper Palani hills. The lake, created by a dam with sluice outlets, is part of a micro–watershed development project.
37. Where is Sholavaram lake located?
Solution: Sholavaram lake is located in Ponneri taluk of Thiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the rain-fed reservoirs from where water is drawn to supply Chennai city from this lake to Puzhal lake through canals.
38. In which district is Padmanabha Puram palace situated?
Solution: The palace with an area of seven acres is situated in the very center of the Padmanabhapuram Fort, amidst hills, dales, and rivers. The palace which is situated in Kanniyakumari District is under the control of a Curator of the Archaeological Department of the Kerala Government.
39. How many museums are there in Tamil Nadu?
Solution: Keeping its tourism notoriety in thought, the state proudly houses more than 25 enticing museums, observatories, and art galleries. For history and cultural buffs, these museums and art galleries in Tamilnadu are a treasure trove for a leisure-filled holiday worth a cherish.
40. Which is the biggest stadium in Tamil Nadu?
Answer: M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
Solution: M.A. Chidambaram stadium also known as Chepauk Stadium situated in Chepauk is the home ground for the Tamil Nadu cricket team and for Chennai Super Kings(IPL). This stadium is named after M.A.
41. Who built the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram?
Solution: This group of sanctuaries, founded by the Pallava kings, was carved out of rock along the Coromandel coast in the 7th and 8th centuries.
42. How many wildlife sanctuaries are in Tamilnadu?
Solution: The Protected Areas in the State include 5 National parks, 15 Wildlife sanctuaries, 15 bird sanctuaries, and 2 conservation reserves besides 5 Tiger Reserves viz.
43. Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary
Solution: Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary in Erode district, 1,411.6 km2 (545.0 sq mi), the largest wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, was declared a sanctuary in 2008. The sanctuary was later declared as a Tiger Reserve due to a large number of tigers sighted during the 2010 wildlife survey.
44. Where do the 3 Oceans meet?
Solution: The family finds their way to Kanyakumari, where three oceans meet, and delight in making it to the end of the earth together.
45. Which is the first wildlife sanctuary in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Mudumalai National Park
Solution: The Mudumalai National Park, established in 1940, was the first modern Wildlife Sanctuary in South India. Most protected areas throughout its 30 Districts are under the stewardship of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (India) and the Tamil Nadu Forest Department.
46. How many forests are there in Tamilnadu?
Solution: The State of Tamil Nadu has a spectrum of nine major forest types ranging from wet evergreen forest to moist deciduous, dry deciduous, sholas, grasslands, and scrub forest.
47. What is Vedanthangal famous for?
Solution: Vedanthangal is home to migratory birds such as pintail, garganey, grey wagtail, blue-winged teal, common sandpiper, and the like. Vedanthangal is the oldest water bird sanctuary in the country. Vedanthangal in the Tamil language means ‘hamlet of the hunter’.
48. Which is the biggest zoo in Tamilnadu?
Answer: Arignar Anna Zoological Park
Solution: Arignar Anna Zoological Park is one of the modern and scientifically managed zoos spread over an area of 602 hectares (1,490 acres), including a 92.45-hectare (228.4-acre) rescue and rehabilitation center, the park is the largest zoological park of the country located at Vandalur, Chennai (12.87917°N, 80.08167°E).
49. What is the district of Vedanthangal?
Solution: Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is a 30-hectare (74-acre) protected area located in the Madurantakam taluk of the Chengalpattu District in the state of Tamil.
50. Who was the last king of Tamilnadu?
Answer: Rajendra Chola III
Solution: The Hoysalas were routed from Kannanur Kuppam around 1279 by Kulasekhara Pandiyan and in the same war the last Chola emperor Rajendra III was routed and the Chola empire ceased to exist thereafter.